Mumps

Mumps is a viral illness caused by the mumps virus that starts with flu like symptoms of fever, body aches, sore throat etc but subsequently develop characteristic swelling of the salivary glands (parotid) and testicles in males and swollen breast in females.

Where does it occur?

It occurs worldwide.

How is it transmitted?

The virus is transmitted through inhaling the air near or contact with saliva of an infected individual.

Is it contagious from person to person?

It is contagious from person to person for up to a week before and after symptoms .

What is the risk for travelers?

The risk is high in third world countries and parts of Eastern Europe.

How soon after exposure will one develop symptoms?

One will see symptoms 2-3 weeks after exposure.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Nearly half of all exposed people develop only mild flu like symptoms. The rest can develop swelling of the salivary glands of the jaw, usually on just one side; commonly the parotid gland. One can also see swelling of testicles (orchitis) in men and breasts in females.

Rarely meningitis, encephalitis, pancreatitis and hearing loss can occur.

Are there any lab tests to diagnose the illness?

Blood antibody tests are available.

Is there any treatment?

Treatment is supportive.

What preventive measures can be taken?

Mump vaccine is available.

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